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Fysisk aktivitet hos samiske menn

Regelmessig fysisk aktivitet har vist seg å redusere risikoen for fremtidig hjerte-karsykdom og tidlig død. Hjerte - kar undersøkelsene i Finnamark har brukt spørreskjema for blandt annet å kartlegge graden av fysisk aktivitet i jobb og fritid. Hvor godt fungerer disse spørsmålene og oppfattes de likt blant samer og nordmenn? Dette er problemstillinger som blant annet ble studert i vår første artikkel basert på Finnmark III fra 1987. I en interjuvundersøkelse i 1999 rundt forståelsen av spørsmål om fysisk aktivitet i jobb og fritid fant vi at særlig blant samiske bønder og reindriftsutøvere kan det ha vært en underrapportering av fysisk aktivitet i fritid. Dette på bakgrunn av at de ikke synes å skille klart mellom jobb og fritid. Dette fenomenet fant vi ikke blant samer med fast definert arbeidstid.



Formidling

Physical activity seems to act protectively with regard to future risk of cardiovascular disease and death (1-8). It is well established that physical activity improves lipid profile (9-13) and carbohydrate metabolism (13,14), reduces plasma fibrinogen (15-17), lowers blood pressure (8,18- 20) and induces weight loss (21). The type and intensity of physical activity needed to ensure health benefits is still unsettled (13,22). Finnmark is the northernmost county in Norway. The indigenous Sami population constitutes about twenty per¬cent of a total population of approximately 75000 (23). The Samis have a different language and cultural back¬ground than the Norse. Agriculture, reindeer herding, fish¬ing, hunting, use of wild berries and other natural resources, constitute the fundament of the traditional Sami society. Until the middle of the 20th century, many Sami lived as nomads with their reindeer herd, and their work was hard manual labour (24,25). More recently, the reindeer industry has become motorised. In the 1980’s, 30 percent of the Sami population were dependent on the agriculture and reindeer industry, compared to only 6 percent in the general Norwegian society (26). Previous studies from Finnmark County have reported inconsistent findings regarding self-reported physical activity in the different ethnic groups (27,28). It is possible that the questions used may not have detected existing ethnic differences in the actual activity levels. The two ethnic groups might have a different understanding of leisure time and work activity, and the two languages might differ in their ability to describe the same underlying activity level.


The aim of this study was to investigate whether there were differences in self-reported physical activity between Norse and Sami subjects in Finnmark, in a cross-sectional, population-based study. In addition we wanted to explore whether there were any indication that activity levels could have been differently reported by Sami and Norse subjects.
 

Publisert  i International Jouranal of Circumpolar Health


Prosjektleder: Rune Hermannsen


Avsluttet : 2003
 

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